More coastal salmon spawning helps grizzlies and fisheries

From Conservation Magazine, a short article on our recent PLoS Biology article:

Letting more salmon escape fisheries along the coast could boost both grizzly bear populations and fishery yields, according to a new study in PLoS Biology.

Fishery managers already let a certain number of salmon slip away so those fish can spawn. But it’s not clear which “escapement” level is best for the fisheries and the ecosystem. Grizzly bears eat salmon and often leave the remains of their meals by streams, providing nutrients for plants and animals. And the number of spawning fish also affects fishery yields down the line.

Researchers tackled the problem by modelling the effects of different escapement levels for four coastal sockeye salmon stocks and two inland stocks in Alaska and British Columbia, Canada. In the coastal systems, leaving more salmon to spawn would increase bear density by 8 to 44 percent. Fishery yields would jump as well — “an apparent win-win situation,” the authors write.

Read the full article here.